Smart Cities Mission India

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Smart Cities Mission India

Bharat Enterprise Construction Group

  • The objective of the Smart Cities Mission is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to their citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and the application of ‘Smart’ solutions.10
  • Since the start of the Mission in 2015, the 100 Smart Cities have been developing a total of 5,151 projects with an investment of INR 2,05,018 crore.
  • The core infrastructure elements in a smart city would include:11

    1. Adequate water supply

    2. Assured electricity supply

    3. Sanitation, including solid waste management

    4. Efficient urban mobility and public transport

    5. Affordable housing, especially for the poor

    6. Robust IT connectivity and digitalization

    7. Good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation

    8. Sustainable environment

    9. Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly

    10. Health and education

  • Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC-I) aims to bring the most innovative construction technologies to India through a competitive platform. It aims to give a boost through the development of domestic technological research, and building platforms for knowledge sharing and networking across the sector.12
  • Under the “Smart cities and Academia Towards Action & Research (SAAR)” program, 15 premier architecture & planning institutes of the country will be working with Smart Cities to document landmark projects undertaken by the Smart Cities Mission. The documents will capture the learnings from best practices, provide opportunities for engagement on urban development projects to students, and enable real-time information flow between urban practitioners and academia.
  • As on 21 January 2022, the Smart Cities have tendered out 6,721 projects worth INR 1,88,507 crore; work orders have been issued in 6,124 projects worth INR 1,62,908 crore; 3,421 projects worth INR 58,735 crore have been completed.

Swachh Bharat Mission

  • The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is a cleanliness campaign by the Government of India.14
  • The objectives of the SBM are:

    1. Elimination of open defecation

    2. Eradication of Manual Scavenging

    3. Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management

    4. To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices

    5. Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health

    6. Capacity augmentation for Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)

    7. Create an enabling environment for private sector participation in Capex (capital expenditure) and Opex (operation and maintenance).15

  • The SBM has been divided into two categories – Urban and Garmin (rural). The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs implements it in urban areas and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation implements it in rural areas. The above-mentioned ministries work with all other union ministries, state governments, local institutions, NGOs, faith organizations, media and other stakeholders to ensure the wide and proper implementation of the SBM.16
  • Rural sanitation coverage has increased from 38.7% in 2014 to 96.9% as of 5 December 2018.17 On the urban front, 3,574 cities have been declared defection free, 5.4 mn plus individual toilets have been constructed, 464,250 community & public toilets have been constructed and 88.4 MW of waste has been converted to energy.18
  • In a big boost to the SBM (Garmin), the World Bank, in December 2015, approved a USD 1.5 Bn loan for the SBM Support Operation project. The World Bank is also providing parallel assistance of USD 25 Mn as technical assistance to build the capacity of select state governments in implementing community-led behavioural change programmes targeting social norms to help ensure widespread usage of toilets by rural households.19
  • Swachh Bharat Mission–Urban (SBM-U) 2.0 was launched on 1st October 2021 for a Mission period of five years.
  • It involves urban-rural convergence, whereby infrastructure projects can be taken up on cluster basis to groups of neighbouring Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and rural areas, so that common waste processing facilities are utilized efficiently.

Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)

  • The National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) has been launched to preserve and revitalise the soul of Indian heritage cities to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative and a secure environment.12 cities have been identified to implement the program – Ajmer, Amaravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kancheepuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni and Warangal. 20
  • As of December 2018, 20 projects amounting to USD 20 Mn have been completed in in Ajmer, Amaravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Puri and Varanasi.22 For more details, please refer to HRIDAY.
  • GST Regime Implications - Under the GST regime (revised), promoters are to pay 1% (without input tax credit) GST in case of affordable houses and 5% (without input tax credit) on construction of houses other than affordable houses.23 Commercial properties will continue at the same GST rate of 12% with input tax credit.
  • GST is not applicable to completed and ready-to-move-in projects, as there are no indirect taxes applicable in the sale of such properties.
  • The Real Estate Regulation and Development Act (RERA), 2016, set up in November 2016, aims to reform the real estate sector in India by encouraging greater transparency, citizen centricity, accountability and financial discipline.24 The act will also protect consumers by creating an online system for information sharing so that mutual trust can develop between developers and buyers and facilitate the timely completion of projects.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban – Housing for All)

  • The Pradhan Mantra Awas Yojana (PMAY) aims to provide housing for all by 2022 and is being implemented from June 2015.
  • So far, about 1.12 cr houses have been sanctioned for its beneficiaries, out of which more than 83 lakh houses are grounded and more than 50 lakhs completed.
  • So far, about 1.12 cr houses have been sanctioned for its beneficiaries, out of which more than 83 lakh houses are grounded and more than 50 lakhs completed.
  • As of now, over INR 100,000 cr of Central Assistance has already been released. Affordable Housing Fund INR 20,000 cr are being utilized in the last 3 years.
  • Around 18,500 ANGIKAAR Resource Persons were trained by about 2,200 specialists of City Level Technical Cells (CLTCs) working in 4,427 cities of PMAY (U). They acted as foot soldiers and helped propagate the message of the campaign.

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)

  • The purpose of the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is to:

    1. Ensure that every household has access to a tap with an assured supply of water and a sewerage connection

    2. Increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well-maintained open spaces (e.g., parks)

    3. Reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport
  • Overall, Mission allocation is INR 1 lakh cr including a central share of INR 50,000 cr. State action plans amounting to INR 77,640 cr for basic infrastructure projects were approved, against which projects worth INR 79,772 cr have been grounded.
  • So far, work worth INR 52,477 cr (66%) has been carried out. So far, 105 lakh household water tap connections and 78 lakh sewer/ septage connections have been provided under Mission and in convergence with other schemes. Credit rating work has been awarded for 485 cities and completed in 470 cities. 164 cities have received an Investible Grade Rating (IGR), including 36 cities with ratings of A- or above. Ten ULBs namely Ahmedabad, Amravati, Bhopal, Ghaziabad, Hyderabad, Indore, Lucknow Pune, Surat and Visakhapatnam have raised INR 3,840 cr through the issuance of municipal bonds.
  • Under AMRUT, 1,831 parks over 3,700 acres have been developed, and 85 lakh street lights have been replaced, resulting in energy savings of 185.33 crore units (kWh).
  • AMRUT 2.0 rural-urban synergy will be affected whereby water markets for reuse of treated used water shall be ascertained in rural urban continuum.
  • Co-treatment of sewage/ seepage from nearby villages in spare capacities of Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) will be explored by ULBs.
Under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), in October 2020, a total of 355 roads works of 2267km and 71 bridges works have been completed under various verticals of PMGSY.

Transportation

  • Nagpur – Mumbai Expressway near Shiridi – 229.39 Kms (6 Lane)
  • Paranuchal Expressways around Lucknow – 280 Kms. (6 Lane)
  • 6 Lane tunnel at Khambataki Ghat)
  • 3 Packages of Bihar State Road Projects – 225.10 Kms. (2 Lane)
  • 6 Lane Elevated Corridor at Hyderabad – 166.25 Kms)
  • 4 National Highways around Varanasi – 256 Kms (4 Lane)
  • 4 National Highways in Odisha - 315 Kms. (4 Lane)
  • 4 National Highways in Odisha - 315 Kms. (4 Lane)
  • Bihar State Road Projects – 296 Kms. (4 Lane)
  • 2 Lane Mizoram State Road Project - 318.50 Kms)
  • 4 Lane Dimapur – Kohima Road Project – 216.90 kms)
  • Iqbalgarh - Vadodara Section of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor)
  • 6 Lane tunnel at Khambataki Ghat
Many others projects across states such as Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, Mizoram, Nagaland etc.

Water Works

  • Velugonda Project - 63m Height Concrete Dam)
  • Kempwad Lift Irrigation - Ayacut 27462 Ha)
  • Chintalapudi Lift Irrigation Project – 80000 Ha)
  • Water Distribution Network at Aizwal
Many other dams, canals, lift irrigation and dredging projects.

Land Development

Land Development of International Airport at Navi Mumbai

Mining

Fully mechanized ‘longwall’ mining technology to maximize coal extraction and minimize human risk Projects being executed under the MDO (Mine Developer-Operator) model No risks related to off-take and coal prices.

  • Jhanjra Project Colliery India’s largest mining project
  • Civil Blocks & Supply Indigenous – BCCL
  • OBR Work for Removal of 179.642 LBCM / LCM - SCCL